The people of Conesa, in heart and Medieval Cistercian Route, recently declared a Cultural Heritage, is a historical place of great beauty that manifests in his church Gothic-Romanesque style, the walled town, its streets, squares and portals full of charm.
A municipality located in the southernmost part of the region La Conca de Barbera, with an altitude of 705 m. and 150 inhabitants.
The most outstanding elevations are: Cogulla and Pla de Maria, with ramifications to the Tallat and Forés.
The river passes Conesa bears his name and is supplied with gullies, a tributary of the river Corb.
The name of the village is Arab “KUNISIA” meaning small church.
Conesa is part of the territorial formation of the Hispanish Marks (IX X and XI centuries.)
Besides the discovery of archaeological remains from the Neolithic and Roman times, documented history of Conesa begins with your letter dated the year 1043 population, when Ramon Berenguer I, El Viejo, granted the territory to Bernardo Siniogfred, provided building a castle to defend against Muslims.
In 1073 established that the castle was already built and around it was a small population.
In the year 1120 appears as Lord of Conesa, Ramon de Cervera, but still ranks as having certain rights Bernardo Conesa, possible descendant of Signiofred.
The Lordship then went from Cervera to the saga of Guardiolada and then to the Order of the Hospital de la Familia Cervello.
In 1260 King James I granted the title of town Conesa and privilege of a weekly market every Wednesday of the year.
This involved the construction of the Plaza and a new portal.
In the fourteenth century Conesa passes the Lordship of Santes Creus, is at this time that broad church and into the fifteenth century building the bell tower and the two crosses the term was completed.
The heyday of the villa was in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, when it was built the following monuments.
MONUMENTS AND IMPORTANT BUILDINGS:
1.-THE CROSS OF THE TERM (SEGLE XIV) 8 m high and made of a single piece of carved stone, is topped with a pineapple with figures where the shields of Santes Creus and Catalonia are.
2. WALLED OLD CORE WITH TWO SITES ACCESS (S. XIV)
3. PAROCHIAL CHURCH GOTHIC STYLE (S. XIV)
4. HOUSE DELMERA of Santes Creus (S. XIV) You can see the shield of Abbot Jerome Contijoch and the remains of the chapel of San Antonio. In 1285 Conesa became condominium Santes Creus.
The house collecting delmera of the Barony of Mountain Santes Creus monastery, privately owned, is still in perfect condition. It is a noble building with striking arches and carved stone facade.
5. STEEPLE OF THE CHURCH (S. XIV) The year 1339 was hired and construction of the tower, Neo-Romanesque about 18 tall gray began. There are two bells: one of 190 kg and 67.5 cm in diameter, and the other of 155 kg and 61cm.
Today the bells carry the relevant mechanisms of self balancing and ringing.
6.-SANT PERE DE SABELLA, ROMAN CHURCH (S. XII), Sant Pere de SAVELLA (S. Pedro), part of another alignment dedicated to San Pedro, or Sant Roc churches, note that both mean “rock” (petrus). It is within the telluric alignments, power center where crowds LAW Lines and Montserrat.
The hermitage of Sant Pere de Savella, chapel of Romanesque nave floor of the XII century, the oldest of Catalonia, where there is also a small cemetery, the remains of the castle castro Savella and íbero.Está high on a hill watchtower Valley Fennel, heavy with the smell of anise. It seems that the place has a very distant origin, as the Romans knew him as “Ipsa vetula” which means “this old”.
Had a castle, shortly after turning the millennium, from which the rows of the base of a round tower are preserved. St.Pere church was declared a historical-artistic monument in 1977. It is a Romanesque building from the XII century. Inside a gothic image of Saint-s.XIV-painted life-size and remarkable artistic perfection is preserved.
ARTISTIC HISTORICAL MONUMENT DECLARED THE YEAR 1977.
7. HOSPITAL OF SAN ANTONIO (S. XIV)
8.-THE NEIGHBOURHOOD JEWISH
The Jewish Quarter was established in Conesa the December 1, 1390, a privilege granted to Santes Creus by Count-King Joan I.
The Jewish Quarter is situated at Ravalla, a small cul de sac, that expanding the primitive nucleus was within the new wall (Al S.XIV).
The inhabitants of this small Jewish quarter Conesa, when the Catholic Kings decreed the expulsion of the Jews, on March 31, 1492, were granted a period of four months to convert to Catholicism and to stay in the village.
Most chose to become, some left the neighborhood, settling mainly in the streets of Dalt, Subida del Castillo and perhaps those with more possibilities with knowledge of trades, settled in the town square.
The c / Ravalla, rename houses of the origin are still preserved, … Cal Simon Pastoro Cal, Cal Rovel (Beekeeper specialty wax), Cal Taverner, blacksmithing Cal Noi.
Descended from a family of converted Jews, born in Conesa around años1520 / 25, Fray Geronimo Contijoch that 1560 was appointed Abbot of Santes Creus, which came to hold the post of Commissioner General of the Cistercian Order Prelate and Catalan in the last period of the Council of Trent.
9. OLD BREAD OVEN OF GOTHIC STYLE,
Located in the basement of City Hall Village.
The first written references is the year 1340 and operated until 1924.
It is very well preserved and around it has built a museum of rural utensils with input from the residents themselves.
At Christmas crib is made, with figures of over half a meter in height that are admired by everyone who visits. It also functions as an exhibition.
10. MODERN STYLE HOUSE OF EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY.